Tag: article

Academic writing in a nutshell

Throughout your career as a student and/or researcher you will produce a series of reports, papers, publications and other texts, in many cases in fluent English. Tips and tricks to improve your writing in English are collected on the UGent portal: How to write a paper.

The faculty of …

   Read more

Article: requesting an article from another library

Your looking for an article, but the University Library does not have access to the full text. There are two ways you can find the full text after all:

  • Via a database
  • Via the bibliographical information

    Via a database

    If you're searching via a database, you can use the  …

       Read more

    Authorship: authorship roles (contribution disclosure – author(ship) contribution statements)


    Recognition for a person's effective contribution to a scholarly publication is done primarily through the inclusion, or not, of the names of (individual) contributors on a (more or less) limited list of names associated with that publication.

    The place on this list determines in most cases the "importance" of …

       Read more

    Authorship: conditions to be included as an author

    The conditions 

    Researchers who contribute significantly to the creation of the publication are added to the authors list.

    This involves 4 (cumulative!) conditions:  

    • a significant contribution to the design of the research, relevant data collection, its analysis, and/ or interpretation;
    • drafting and/or critical reviewing the publication;
    • approval of the final …
       Read more

    Authorship: what is the Ghent University policy?


    Authorship is related to the actual contribution someone makes to a scientific publication.

    Various stakeholders in science (research institutions, faculties, funders, publishers, journals, etc.) have developed standards to regulate this aspect of scholarly publishing.


    Authorship is an important (co-)factor for the academic impact and reputation of individual researchers …

       Read more

    Automatic alerts on recent publications: a how-to

    The website JournalTOCs provides Tables of Contents (ToC) for many journals.

    You can receive e-mail alerts of new issues after (free) registration.


    Many (scholarly) databases allow you to subscribe to alerts as well, so you can stay informed on new content via e-mail or RSS feeds.

       Read more

    Collaborating on an article: what are your options?

    These days, many projects are done as a team, and writing assignments are no exception. It can be challenging to collaborate efficiently on the same text, especially if you and your co-authors mostly communicate online. Fortunately, there are a number of online tools that allow you to write, edit, …

       Read more

    Creative commons: open licence for copyrighted works

    General info

    A Creative Commons licence is an open licence. These kinds of licences allow certain, globally recognised, standardised re-use of copyrighted material. It is a so called upfront licence. You don't have to ask for permission to access, share or use a protected work, the permission is granted automatically. …

       Read more

    EndNote: adding and marking up PDFs

    Add PDFs atuomatically

    • Open Athena and then EndNote.
    • Select the references to which you want to add a PDF.
    • Click "References" > "Find full text" > "Find full text". OR right-click and select "Find full text".
    • EndNote will now look for PDFs Ghent University has electronic access to and add …
       Read more

    EndNote: how to add and delete references

    Once you have uploaded all your references into your EndNote library, you can delete duplicate references and add references manually. You can also edit them manually or automatically.


    Add references

    Read this tip to learn about importing references from databases.

    Add a reference manually:

    • Open Athena and EndNote.
    • Click …
       Read more

    EndNote: importing references from Web of Science

    You can import up to 1.000 references at the same time from Web of Science into your EndNote library.

    To do this, enter your search query > click "Export" > click "EndNote desktop"


    You will see a pop-up where you can enter the amount of references you want to …

       Read more

    EndNote: personalising your reference fields

    You can personalise the fields in EndNote in two different ways.

    Reference types

    You can choose which reference type is your preferred default, e.g: Journal Article. You can also choose which fields a certain reference type needs.

    • Open EndNote via Athena
    • Click Edit > Preferences, click on the tab "Reference …
       Read more

    EU funding: what are the Open Access requirements for publications in Horizon Europe?

    In Horizon Europe, the European Commission (EC) requires that all peer-reviewed publications resulting from project funding are open access (OA), i.e.,  freely available online with no restrictions on use, by depositing them in a repository. Peer reviewed articles should be made Open Access immediatly after publications, embargo's are no …

       Read more

    Journal: what does "peer-reviewed" mean?

    It is essential to researchers to publish in peer-reviewed journals. A peer review means that the quality of the research will be assessed by colleagues (usually before publication). Some monograph publishers also work with peer review, which means that the quality of the books they publish has been assessed by …

       Read more

    Open Access colours: green, gold, diamond, hybrid and more

    Open Access comes in different colours. While we especially use the term green OA, gold OA and hybrid OA, other terms refine those broader terms.

    This tip addresses some of the Open Access flavours.

    Diamond Open Access refers to a scholarly publication model in which journals and platforms do not …

       Read more

    Open Access to your publications

    Open Access refers to the practice of making peer-reviewed scholarly research and literature freely available online to anyone interested.

    Open means anyone can freely access, use, modify, and share for any purpose, subject, at most, to requirements that preserve provenance and openness. It does not affect authors' freedom to choose …

       Read more

    Open Access: How to use the Rights Retention Strategy?

    Funders such the European Commission (Horizon Europe) require immediate open access with a CC BY license to all peer-reviewed scholarly publications. To meet those requirements, researchers have three options:

  • Publish with a diamond open access journal or platform, which does not require the payment of publication costs.
  • Publish with a …
  •    Read more

    Open Research Europe: what is it?

    Open Research Europe

    Open Research Europe (ORE) is a scholarly publishing platform available to Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe beneficiaries. It comes at no cost, has a rigorous and open peer review process, and the open access model enables everyone to access the results.

    The ORE platform was set up …

       Read more

    PID: What is a persistent identifier for publications and datasets?

    What is a persistent identifier?

    A persistent identifier or PID, such as a DOI or Handle, is a permanent, unique reference to a digital object. Not all identifiers ensure persistency and uniqueness like a PID (see examples below). Moreover, when a PID for a digital object is created, descriptions of …

       Read more

    Plagiarism detection: use of the tool StrikePlagiarism

    Where can you find the tool?

    Checking articles or other textual work for plagiarism? Recently, it can be done with a new tool, StrikePlagiarism. The new tool is built into the Ufora learning environment.

    Teachers (and their students) are already familiar with it in the context of checking …

       Read more

    ProQuest: introduction

    ProQuest is a portal of scientific databases. Ghent University has access to 17 databases:

    • Acta Sanctorum
    • APA PsycArticles
    • Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals
    • C19: The Nineteenth Century Index
    • Coronavirus Research Database
    • Early Modern Books
    • Ebook Central
    • Gerritsen Women's History Collection of Aletta H. Jacobs
    • Patrologia Latina
    • Performing Arts Periodicals …
       Read more

    Publish: how to submit an article in a scholarly journal?

    How do you get your article published in a journal? How do you choose the right journal?

    The Knowledge Center for Health Ghent (KCGG) lists several tips on getting published for the medical sciences. Here's a selection of generally applicable tips.

    How do you select a journal? Criterion Tools Content    Read more

    Retraction Watch: what is it?

    Retraction Watch, acquired by Crossref in September 2023, is a database that lists retracted (retractions) or corrected (corrections) publications, or publications with an expressions of concern. A blog is connected to the database, highlighting some of the retracted publications. Though Retraction Watch only started in 2010, older publications can …

       Read more

    Scholarly article: where to find it?

    Search a bibliographic database

    The best way to find qualitative scholarly articles is to use a bibliographic database. There are multidisciplinary databases (e.g. Scopus, Web of Science) as well as discipline-specific databases (e.g. PubMed for health sciences). These databases give an overview of published scholarly information, whether …

       Read more

    Searching scientific literature: an example from psychology by prof. dr. Brosschot

    Almost every scientific study starts with an extensive literature search. You look for the articles written on your subject of interest and you'll gradually discover unanswered questions or new lines of thoughts worth exploring.

    When you start writing your own article, you'll usually include a literature review summarising the …

       Read more

    Searching: what is a citation search?

    A citation search can go forward or backward in time. If you go forward in time, you look for the sources that cited your original article. If you go back in time, you look for the sources cited by your original article (also called "snowball search").


    Benefits …    Read more

    Searching: what is the snowball search method?

    The snowball search method is a way of tracking down related works by using the bibliography or reference list at the end of an article as your starting point. After all, there's a good chance that the sources the author has consulted while writing will be relevant to your own …

       Read more


    SFX is a button that tries to bring you to an online full text article, based on the bibliographical information you've entered. If an online full text is not available, it'll offer you different options, for instance where you can find a print version, or how to request it from …

       Read more

    Sources: primary, secundary and tertiary sources

    What are primary sources?

    Primary sources are sources written (or made) by an original author. In exact sciences, these are lab logs, articles in which you present your research, the data you gathered during your research, etc. In social sciences these could be novels, paintings, archaeological objects, and so on. …

       Read more

    Web of Science (WoS): introduction

    Web of Science (WoS) is a portal of several scholarly databases. Ghent University has access to:

    • Science Citation Index (SCI)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • Arts & Humanities Citation Index (AHCI)
    • Conference Proceedings Citation Index - Science (CPCI-S)
    • Conference Proceedings Citation Index - Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH)
    • Emerging Sources …
       Read more

    Working Paper: what is it? Where to find it?

    A working paper or discussion paper is a “work in progress”, a paper you're still working on. It's a preliminary, nearly finished, unpublished version of your research project that's not yet ready to be presented at a conference nor to get published in a journal.

    You have a hypothesis and/or …

       Read more